for Spanish/Portuguese speakers 1
INFINITIVE S/P GERUND
to pay pagar paying
to buy comprar buying
to learn aprender learning
to eat comer eating
to distinguish distinguir distinguishing
to ask for pedir asking for (phrasal verb)
WHEN/WHERE to use the infinitive?
As a VERB after another verb (often of ACTIVE nature):
– I have decided TO EAT only vegetables from now on.
– She hopes TO LEARN a new language this year.
– We want TO BUY organic food.
– I promise TO PAY immediately.
– He’s offering TO BUY lunch for all of us.
WHEN/WHERE to use a gerund?
Where you would put a NOUN after a verb:
– I enjoy EATING out.
– He suggested BUYING a second hand car.
– We miss VISITING our grandparents.
– I hate PAYING for parking. (TIP: if in doubt, use the gerund after a preposition)
– Not preparing for the exam is ASKING FOR trouble.
– The gerund can be used as the SUBJECT or OBJECT of a sentence (see above)
– After LIKE it is possible to use either infinitive or gerund (the gerund often sounds better), but after WOULD LIKE the infinitive is used
facilitar (S/P)- to facilitate (E)
complicar (S/P)- to complicate (E)
demostrar (S/P) – to demonstrate (E)
identificar (S/P) – to identify (E)
imaginar (S/P) – to imagine (E)
simplificar (S/P) – to simplify (E)
justificar (S/P) – to justify (E)
unificar (S/P) – to unify (E)
LEARN these words. Do not assume all English verbs will follow the Latin pattern!